Jekyll and Hyde – Social and Historical Context

Hello folks,

Here’s the PowerPoint from Tuesday’s lesson – make sure you catch up if you weren’t there.

Social and Historical Context

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Jekyll and Hyde – Presentations

Hello folks,

To help with you presentations that should be ready for Tuesday 18th September, here’s the PowerPoints we’ve been using in class – if you’ve been off ensure you catch up on the notes you’ve missed.

Also, the questions on the novel should be completed by Tuesday, as well.

Any questions or concerns, let me know.

addiction

setting

Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde Allegory

Questions on the novel

Jekyll and Hyde – Critical Essay

An example paragraph to assist with your own planning – do not use this in your essays; you should write in your own words.

Point (topic sentence): In our first meeting with Mr Hyde, Stevenson immediately explores the theme of addiction through his portrayal of Hyde’s desperate need for isolation.
Evidence (quotation): At Mr Utterson’s first encounter with Hyde, it is clear he is anxious to remain in solitude.
“Mr Hyde shrank back with a hissing intake of breath.”
Evaluation (analysis): Stevenson’s description of Hyde and how he “shrank back” suggests that Hyde fears discovery, through its connotations of secrecy and hiding. His use of onomatopoeia in “hissing” explores this further, inferring that he is hissing in pain – as though the thought of discovery is physically painful for him. It is apparent that Hyde does not want to be discovered, especially by Utterson. This first meeting with Hyde effectively emphasises the themes of secrecy and discovery that run throughout the novel, as well as heavily implies classic behaviours of addiction in Hyde’s need to remain hidden. The painful reaction he has to discovery highlights the mysterious nature of his character, and cleverly foreshadows the pain and destruction that this addiction will soon bring about.

Jekyll and Hyde – Critical Essay 1

Here’s the essay question, along with the critical essay structure. Have a look over this and try to think of how you will structure and plan your essay.

Stevenson’s Jekyll and Hyde is a novella mostly concerned with addiction. How is addiction explored in the text and to what extent do you agree with the previous statement?

PEE Essay Structure

In every paragraph, remember to PEE.

P is for Point: The Point is simply what each paragraph is about- you make a main point in every paragraph you write. This is usually the TOPIC SENTENCE you use.

E is for Evidence: The Evidence is the quotation or description of the scene, shot or technique you are using to back up your point.

E is also for Evaluation: This is the chance for you to explain how the quotation backs up the point you are making, i.e. the 3 steps of analysis. You then need to evaluate it – comment on how successful it is.

3 Steps for Analysing Quotations

1. Break the sentence down – look at the meaning and connotations of individual words, techniques and phrases, as well as the whole sentence.

2. Think about what the whole sentence suggests.

3. Comment on the context of the quotation.

EXAMPLE:

1. Break the sentence down – look at the meaning and connotations of individual words, techniques and phrases, as well as the whole sentence.
e.g. “…about three o’clock of a black winter morning…”

Stevenson’s use of pathetic fallacy in the word “black” not only has connotations of darkness and death, but infers that the morning itself is in a “black” mood, with a foul temper.

2. Think about what the whole sentence suggests

e.g. “…about three o’clock of a black winter morning…”

The quotation as a whole sets a sombre tone even at this early stage of the novel.

3. Comment on the context of the quotation

e.g. “…about three o’clock of a black winter morning…”

Through his use of pathetic fallacy, Stevenson effectively foreshadows the mystery and mood still to come. It also hints at the darker aspects of human nature that we are soon to encounter through the character of Hyde, and Enfield’s tale of his violent trampling of the little girl.

Putting it all together:

“…about three o’clock of a black winter morning…”
Stevenson’s use of pathetic fallacy in the word “black” not only has strong connotations of darkness and death, but infers that the morning itself is in a “black” mood, with a foul temper. The quotation as a whole successfully sets a sombre tone even at this early stage of the novel. Through his use of pathetic fallacy, Stevenson effectively foreshadows the mystery and mood still to come. It also hints at the darker aspects of human nature that we are soon to encounter through the character of Hyde, and Enfield’s tale of his violent trampling of the little girl.

Setting – Quotes you need to know

  • Symbolism of the door – page 8/18
  • The embattled city; London as an extended metaphor for the struggle within Jekyll – The Carew Murder Case page 27/52
  • Use of fog as a symbol for mystery and secrecy p27/52-53 – foreshadowing Utterson’s dilemma concerning the letter page 32/61.
  • Pathetic fallacy used, foreshadowing the increasing tension to come later in the novel – page 9/19
  • Jekyll’s laboratory – page 30/58
  • Contrast between Soho and more respectable parts of the city– p 15/29 and p27/53.

HOMEWORK, Due Friday 06/09/2013: Find and copy out each of the above quotes, leaving around half a page blank underneath. We will be analysing these tomorrow.